27 “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Praise with the seed of man and the seed of beast. 28 And it shall come to pass, that as I have watched over them to pluck up, to break down, to throw down, to destroy, and to afflict, so I will watch over them to build and to plant, says the LORD. Jeremiah 31:27-28
Some might look at what I've said over the years and say that though He might have formerly watched over Gentiles and Animals to pluck up, break down, throw down, destroy, and afflict, yet it can't fairly be said He ever looked at the House of Israel and the House of Praise this way. Anyone that would say that has forgotten the 80yrs that Israel was oppressed by a Pharaoh that didn't know Joseph, the Deuteronomy 28 curse of the Law, the Babylonian Captivity, and the 3.5yrs of Great Tribulation Israel went through in the late 60s to 70AD.
This is looking to a period when one state would fade into the next as the next began to increase in glory through the proclamation of the Gospel. There was a time period following the Babylonian Captivity that both were simultaneously true. God was doing both simultaneously because this promise had an initial partial fulfillment as the days of the Babylonian Captivity were ending, as a sign and a wonder to give the people hope that there would still be mercy shown after such a catastrophic pruning. But that this doesn't belong solely to that era is self-evident from how the New Testament uses verses that follow in this chapter in the book of Hebrews. As Isaiah 11:1-9 may have had a partial fulfillment under Zerubbabel and Joshua, the High Priest, yet it's clearly evident that the earth wasn't as full of the knowledge of the Lord as to consider it another world-wide flood as Isaiah 11 said to anticipate. Let's back up a few verses to Jeremiah 31:10-14:
10 “ Hear the word of the LORD, O nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, ‘He who scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him as a shepherd does his flock.’
This is pretty clearly speaking to a Supernatural keeping of a flock as Christ Jesus keeps His Church and the animals we hold before Him through the Hosea 2:18 Covenant that Isaiah 40:11 indicates His faithfulness over. It doesn't say He was keeping them instead of a flock. If this were to be understood as a natural understanding of an ultimately exploited flock by an unregenerated shepherd, then the comparison wouldn't be all of that comforting as individuals were randomly picked off for personal or religious exploitation. They'd have to live in fear in such a scenario and not a very wholesome reverential awe either! They'd be like sitting ducks if He were comparing Himself to a natural shepherd rather than to His Son. Continuing with verse 11 in Jeremiah 31:
11 For the LORD has redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of one stronger than he. 12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, streaming to the goodness of the LORD— for wheat and new wine and oil, for the young of the flock and the herd; their souls shall be like a well-watered garden, and they shall sorrow no more at all.
This is Edenic living for man and animal when the Gospel is flooding out the world of the ungodly. Remember this 10th through 14th verses when reading Jeremiah 31:27-28. Continuing on with verse 13:
13 “Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, and the young men and the old, together; for I will turn their mourning to joy, will comfort them, and make them rejoice rather than sorrow. 14 I will fill to the full the soul of the priests with abundance, and My people shall be satisfied with My goodness, says the LORD.”
Let's look at verses 23 through 28:
23 Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: “They shall again use this speech in the land of Praise and in its cities, when I bring back their captivity: ‘The LORD bless you, O home of justice, and mountain of holiness!’ 24 And there shall dwell in Praise itself, and in all its cities together, farmers and those going out with flocks. 25 For I have fully satisfied the weary soul, and I have replenished every sorrowful soul.”
Do we need to go back to the first 2 chapters of Genesis to prove from the Hebrew that animals have souls? He says here He's replenishing EVERY sorrowful soul! Continuing with the next verse:
26 After this I awoke and looked around, and my sleep was sweet to me.
The prophet awoke when man and animal were satisfied/satiated and replenished. This is the context in which we're told (in the very next verses, in fact):
27 “Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Praise with the seed of man and the seed of beast. 28 And it shall come to pass, that as I have watched over them to pluck up, to break down, to throw down, to destroy, and to afflict, so I will watch over them to build and to plant, says the LORD.
(Context: Even if some of My prophets are still asleep while I'm doing this!)
Verses 29 through 30 say that Generational curses will have no place in the day that God is doing this. Verses 31 through 34 are the part nearly everyone is familiar with in Hebrews chapter 8 in the New Testament. Verses 35 through 37 say:
35 Thus says the LORD, Who gives the sun for a light by day, the ordinances of the moon and the stars for a light by night, Who disturbs the sea, and its waves roar (The LORD of hosts is His name): 36 “If those ordinances depart from before Me, says the LORD, then the seed of Israel (that contains the seed of Gentiles and the seed of Animals in verses 27 - 28) shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” 37 Thus says the LORD: “If heaven above can be measured, and the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel (that's sown with the seed of Gentiles and the seed of Animals) for all that they have done, says the LORD.
Jeremiah was prophesying in a time period where he was having to combat a lot of false prophets that were contradicting him, so this obviously would have some time limitation and isn't saying that God's basing His Covenantal-fidelity on the inability of scientists for all time to measure these things! At the close of Isaiah, of course, He's describing the passing of the heavens and earth that existed prior to 70AD in assuring us that He'd slay them and call His own by a different Name, yet the New Testament says that all who died in Adam are ultimately made alive in Christ. Jeremiah 31 anticipating all of the judgments in Isaiah and the New Testament has always seemed to read to me that Israel's existence depends on the New Testament and the Hosea 2:18 Covenant as the two immutable things by which God cannot lie. All things are being gathered into one in Christ, whether Jews, Gentiles, or Animals and they shall neither hurt nor destroy in all His Isaiah 11:9; Jeremiah 31:23; Zechariah 8:3 Holy Mountain for the earth shall be as full of the Gospel of the Kingdom as the waters Cover the sea, and the birds shall rest in the Isaiah 11:1; Mark 4:32 branches of it!